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Circular public procurement

How well developed is circular public procurement in your country?

Circular bioeconomy

Have you heard the term bioeconomy? Do you know the European Commission plans to update its 2012 Bioeconomy Strategy? Do you think this strategy has been successful until now?

End of waste status

Criteria for end of waste status are established for several waste streams in Croatia: compost, digestate, biofuel, fuel from oil waste, construction material. For other materials there is a legal uncertainty.
For instance, there have not been established criteria for plastic. thus companies that recover plastic waste have problem with declaration of plastic granulates and flakes.
How is the situation in the region regarding end of waste regulation?

By product regulaton.

The term by-product is defined by Waste Framework Directive as a substance or object, resulting from a production process, the primary aim of which is not the production of that item, may be regarded as not being waste referred to in point (1) of Article 3 but as being a by-product only if the following conditions are met:
(a) further use of the substance or object is certain;
(b) the substance or object can be used directly without any further processing other than normal industrial practice;

Cemetery candles as an environmental problem

Croatia is a very big consumer of the cemetery candles. This became an environmental problem since there are no recycling facilities for candles and they are usually disposed on waste dumps.
I would like to know what is practice in other countries. I know that Slovenia has a regulation on cemetery candles and EPR system. But, what about implementation in practice and recycling rate?


The proposal for a new project called CIRCULAR4.0 was handed in last week. In case, this Interreg Alpine Space project get approved, I would be very happy to inform interested stakeholders (MOVECO consortium, but also other stakeholders) about the activities of this project. I am convinced that the combination of Circular Economy concepts with Digitalisation processes is a great opportunity for all SMEs in Europe.

single terminology - different practices

Despite the single terminology and definitions in the Waste Framework Directive, the actual waste recycling processes differ from country to country. For example, the recycling of plastic bottles in one country means the stage when the new plastic bottles are pressed on the production line. In other countries plastic bottles are considered recycled once they enter the gate of recycling/waste management site.

a major challenge for Hungary's transition to circular economy

Hungary is a supplier to West-European countries's economies. Untill Hungarian companies are not required by West-European companies to be circular, for them it is not worth to be circular. This means, Hungary alone cannot have a circular economy. How can this contradiction and challenge hampering Hungary's transition to circular economy be solved?

A Slovak foundry is interested in exchanging experience in the field of circular economy

A Slovak foundry is interested in exchanging experience in the field of circular economy. Do you have any examples or ideas how other Danube region countries treat following waste code?: 100903 (furnace slag), 100906 (casting cores and moulds which have not undergone pouring other than those mentioned in 10 09 05), 100908 (casting cores and moulds which have undergone pouring other than those mentioned in 10 09 07), 100910 (flue-gas dust other than those mentioned in 10 09 09), 110502 (zinc ash).